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Google Sheets – MIN, FILTER, INDEX, MATCH, SUM, COUNTIF
In the region of the world that I work in, it is a pretty common occurrence for university courses to run weekly assessment. At the end of the course all the weekly assessment is then added together minus the lowest piece of assessment.
For lecturers with small course sizes this is a pretty simple task that you could simply eyeball if you have a small enough group, but what if your course runs into the thousands with half a dozen tests to choose from. Eyeballing is just not going to do it.
Recently I was asked to do the same thing for the program that I manage. Over an 8 week term, we run 7 assessment at the end of each week for our students. My job was to find the lowest grade out of the 7 assessment and drop it, taking note of the assessment unit that I dropped for each student.
I use Google Sheets for this purpose for it’s ease of use and sharability.
This is an example dataset of the 7 assessment (in this case, weekly tests) in Google Sheets. We need to remove the lowest grade from each student. As you can see not all students have their lowest grade in the same Unit test.
This week I was asked to provide a list of the top two student grades in each of the 100 classes in our university program.
Normally, this would be a pretty easy task if there were only a half dozen or so classes. Simply sort by group (class) and then Grade. Finally copy and paste the top 2 ranked students of each group in a new sheet – print and hand to the boss.
However, with 100 classes this was going to turn into a time consuming chore and one that could be prone to errors.
To solve this problem, I took advantage of Google Sheets RANK.EQ and FILTER formulas. Let’s take a peek at the formula now and go through the steps in detail later.
Google Sheets has a vast library of functions (or formulas) you can use to get your Spreadsheet tasks done. However, there are some instances when you want a specific function that is not available in Google Sheets or want to make a simplified version of some combined function to make life easier for your users. Fortunately, Google has your back with Google Apps Script.
Before we start, Google does a pretty great job explaining the basics of creating a custom function. However, when it comes to explaining how to add all that information that goes into a function when you type it into Sheets it is a bit vague.
Let’s look at the creation process through a recent example I created:
I was working on a Spreadsheet in Google Sheets a few days ago and needed to generate some random codes for my users. To do this, I just used the RANDBETWEEN(start val, end val) function built into Google Sheets.
It goes a little like this. If I want to build a 5 digit random number I would:
But this got me wondering. Is there a function for random Alphabetic strings or Alphanumeric strings or Alphanumeric with Character strings. The answer?
Unfortunately, I could not simply change the last folder name from say, Unit 4 Report to Q4 Unit 4 Report 2018 so it is easily searchable and unique. The other problem is that there are other Unit 4 Reports in other years and quarters so I did not want to accidentally call them instead of the exact one I wanted.
Well, it’s a rainy day here travelling in Romania, so time for a post.
When creating a Google Apps Script’s I often find I am creating new folders and files in specific locations on Google Drive after, say, generating a report or something.
A Note on Folders in Google Drive
All files and folders in Google Drive are allocated a unique key that identifies them.
The file location and all the data about the file is mapped to this ID. This means you can have as many folders or files with the same name even in the same directory without a duplicate error being thrown because they all have their own unique ID for their URL.
More often than not, I know the parent folder that I want to put my sub folders in. This means I can get the parent folder’s ID and use that as my starting point to add sub folders. To do this we use the DriveApp class.
Below are three useful functions for creating folders.
Simple – Create a folder under the Parent folder ID – Duplicates are not checked and there can be multiple sub folders with the same name but all have their own unique id.
Medium – Create a folder only if that folder name does not exists in the Parent folder – No folder is created if the folder already exists.
Hard-ish – Create a folder. If the name exists, add a counter to the name – If the file already exists then add a counter to the end of the file name.
All the functions will take two arguments: folderID – the unique id of the parent folder and folderName – the name you want to call your new folder.
The start() function will simply grab the two variables for the folderID and folderName and run the folder creation function. This is to simulate using the functions in your code.
Feel free to read what you need. I try and write these for a wide range of coding skill in mind.
One of the weekly tasks in my day job as an academic administrator is to look at a number of ‘modules’ or courses that our college is running and complete some analysis and crosschecking. Each week the students complete a ‘unit’. However, during some quarters, not all modulesare doing the same unit. Before I can run my code I need to determine what modules are running and what units we are up to for me to run my automated code.
To do this I created a dialog box when the code is run from the add-on bar. In a few clicks, I can then choose the relevant modules and units and then run the selected code.
Let’s take a look at what the dialog box looks like:
Upon “Submit”, the dialog box returns an array of objects of checked values from the radio buttons that can be uses in the server-side Google Apps Script.
Sometimes, when you are working on a shared Google Sheet you might want to hide a row based on a cell value.
For example, perhaps we don’t want to see row information of orders that have been paid for. Take a look at my D&D miniatures wholesale orders sheet (image below). I know I don’t need to follow up the orders that have been paid, marked with a ‘Yes’ in column F, so I don’t want to see them on my sheet.